IC443

 

IC443 is a supernova remnant in the constellation Gemini, just northeast of the bright star Propus. This nebula is thought to have been produced by a supernova explosion about 30,000 years ago. It is 5,000 light years distant. In this image, north is up, and Propus is out of view toward the bottom-right.

This image was exposed through filters having extremely narrow bandwidths to capture only the light emitted by certain gasses when excited by stellar radiation.

The data from the three filters was assigned to this "natural-color" palette in Photoshop. First, the monochrome hydrogen-alpha image was converted to color. Next, the oxygen-III and sulfur-II images were layered one on top of the other, with the blending mode set to "screen" to get data from both images. The two layers were flattened into one, which was copied and pasted into the blue channel of the RGB-mode H-a image, leaving the H-a data in the red and green channels. Finally, the green channel was replaced with data synthesized from the red and blue channels using Noel Carboni's Astronomy Tools for Photoshop.




Equipment
TMB-130SS APO refractor at f/7 on an Astro-Physics 1200 equatorial mount
SBIG ST-8XM camera
SBIG CFW-10 filter wheel with Astrodon filters
Guiding: 60mm f/5 refractor and ST-402 camera
Imaging and autoguiding with MaxIm DL 4.62
Exposure Hydrogen-alpha: 3.3 hours (20 x 10 min.) unbinned @ -30°C
Oxygen-III: 2.7 hours (16 x 10 min.) unbinned @ -30°C
Sulfur-II: 2.3 hours (14 x 10 min.) unbinned @ -30°C
Processing Dark and flat frame reduction in CCDStack
SD-combined in CCDStack
Further processing in Photoshop CS
Date and Location 21 & 25 February 2010; 3, 4 & 8 March 2010    Montpelier, VA    N 37° 49' 12", W 77° 42' 06"